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Viruses are much smaller than bacteria and cannot reproduce on their own. Unlike bacterial infections, viral diseases don’t respond to antibiotics. Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome (HUS) CDC More. A bacterial infection is a proliferation of a harmful strain of bacteria on or inside the body. ", NICE Clinical Guidelines, No. Probiotics seem to reduce gas, bloating, and abdominal pain associated with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). The Black Plague This will cause tingling of muscles and even leads to lock-jaw and patients can soon die of suffocation if not promptly treated. Plague 8. ", National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse: "Foodborne Illnesses. Septicemia is life-threatening and may lead to shock, coma, organ failure and death. measles. ", Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: "Antibiotic/Antimicrobial Resistance. This bacterial diseases list bacterium can also get transferred from infected animals to other animal products. Antibiotic resistance occurs when bacteria are no longer sensitive to a medication that should eliminate an infection. Bacteria are microscopic, single-cell organisms that live almost everywhere. Gastrointestinal infection is quite common and isn't usually serious. Many give off chemicals called toxins, which can damage tissue and make you sick. Common bloodborne diseases include hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The vast majority of bacteria are harmless to people and some strains are even beneficial. In many cases, infectious disease can be spread from person to person, either directly (e.g., via skin contact) or indirectly (e.g., via contaminated food or water). Granuloma inguinale CDC. Some are airborne while others live in water or soil. They work by disrupting the processes necessary for bacterial cell growth and proliferation. There are different types of bacteria (good & bad), but in this article, we will explore a list of scary diseases caused by harmful bacteria. Haemophilus Influenza disease, Type B (Hib or H-flu) CDC Data. Most common sites of infection leading to sepsis are lungs, abdomen, and urinary tract (ex. This bacterial infection is caused by Chlamydia trachomatis which infects the eye through body contact or secretion. ", WebMD: "Is It a Cold or a Sinus Infection? Here is a list of airborne infectious diseases that you should know about: Influenza Typically, influenza goes away without any medical intervention, but in certain situations, it can progress to cause potentially life-threatening complications, such as viral pneumonia and secondary bacterial … © 2005-2020 WebMD, LLC. Bacteria are also used in making healthy foods like yogurt and cheese. Pertussis 6. ". Most bacterial infections are caused by Staphylococcus aureus (staph) or Streptococcus pyogenes (the same bacteria responsible for strep throat).. A bacterial infection can take many different forms depending on its location, type, even the age of the affected individual. Pneumonia, meningitis, and food poisoning are just a few illnesses that may be caused by harmful bacteria. Urinary tract infections (UTIs) include infections of the urethra, bladder, and kidneys, and are common causes of urethritis, cystitis, pyelonephritis, and glomerulonephritis. Here presented the list of diseases caused by bacteria and viruses in humans A virus is micro organism, it is usually very difficult to kill. Infection is a successful invasion of pathogenic micro-organisms including … In most cases of this illness treatment is done at home with bland foods and plenty of fluids. Drug Name. Syphilis 10. Failure to do so could make a bacterial infection worse. 2008: "Respiratory Tract Infections -- Antibiotic Prescribing. Generally bacteria are of two types namely gram positive and gram negative. Here we provide you the list of top 10 most dangerous bacterial infections, read this article and know about these diseases. ", Todar’s Online Textbook of Bacteriology: "The Normal Bacterial Flora of Humans. The word "bacteria" has a negative connotation, but bacteria actually perform many vital functions for organisms and in the environment. Linking to a non-federal website does not constitute an endorsement by CDC or any of its employees of the sponsors or the information and products presented on the website. Action Bioscience: "Bacteria - More Than Pathogens. Sometimes the symptoms of the two can be very similar. A virus is micro organism, it is usually very difficult to kill. For language access assistance, contact the NCATS Public Information Officer. Each time you take antibiotics, you increase the chances that bacteria in your body will learn to resist them causing antibiotic resistance. List of ten important bacterial diseases: 1. Hepatitis A (Hep A) CDC FAQ's More … Bacteria live on and inside plants, animals, and people. Common symptoms include diarrhea, abdominal cramping, bloating, gas and sometimes vomiting. ", )Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: "Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs). For example, runny nose, cough, headache, and fatigue can occur with the common cold (virus) and with a sinus infection (bacteria). Viruses. Bacteria that cause food poisoning include: Many sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are caused by harmful bacteria. Bloodborne disease, any of a group of diseases caused by pathogens such as viruses or bacteria that are carried in and spread through contact with blood. Intestinal bacterial infections are most often caused by one of several possible bacteria. Although, there are large number of antibiotics that can be used to treat Anthrax disease but its major requirement is quick action for treatment. Some of bacterial infections are extremely dangerous and can be lethal. Infectious diseases designated as notifiable at the national level during 2020. Meningitis. Bacterial infections are one cause of foodborne illness. Bacteria can infect any area of the body. Even smaller than bacteria, viruses cause a multitude of diseases ranging from the common cold to AIDS. Some studies have shown probiotics can shorten the duration of infectious diarrhea. rubella. 50% due to Gram negative bacteria; 50% due to Gram positive bacteria. Other types of bacterial infections include the following: Antibiotics are medications that fight bacterial infections. Bacterial skin infections are fairly common and can range in severity from mild (albeit annoying) to life-threatening. Bacteria live in every climate and location on earth. Most deaths due to antibiotic resistant infections occur in hospitalized patients and those who are in nursing homes. Other types of fungi can infect your lungs or nervous system. Cholera 4. Links with this icon indicate that you are leaving the CDC website.. When considering all the strains of bacteria that exist, relatively few are capable of making people sick. When considering all the strains of bacteria that exist, relatively few are capable of making people sick. List of human infectious diseases arranged by name. Bacteria are small single celled organisms & are amongst the most successful life forms on planet. They also help with immunity, making the body less hospitable to bad bacteria and other harmful pathogens. 10. Gram staining, bacterial culture with antibiotic sensitivity determination, and other tests like genetic analysis are used to identify bacterial strains and help determine the appropriate course of treatment. ", American Family Physician: "Common Bacterial Skin Infections", American Society for Microbiology - Microbe World: "Bacteria. Infectious diseases can be caused by: 1. Bacterial Infections. They may also reduce the risk of developing diarrheal illness due to antibiotic use. The vast majority of bacteria are harmless to people and some strains are even beneficial. Urinary tract infections; Inappropriate use of antibiotics has helped create bacterial diseases that are resistant to treatment with different types of antibiotic medications. ", National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse: "Irritable Bowel Syndrome. Infectious disease, in medicine, a process caused by an agent, often a type of microorganism, that impairs a person’s health. This is a list of infectious diseases arranged by name, along with the infectious agents that cause them. Bacteria and viruses are different types of pathogens, organisms that can cause disease. When you take antibiotics, follow the directions carefully. Antibiotics are the usual treatment. A doctor may use the presence of other symptoms (such as fever or body aches), the length of the illness, and certain lab tests to determine if an illness is due to a virus, bacteria, or some other pathogen or disease process. Experts estimate that there are at least 1 nonillion bacteria on Earth. chickenpox. The following is a comprehensive list of 25 of the most common bacteria and viruses causing HAIs: ... pneumonia and surgical site infections. The symptoms of a bacterial or viral infection depend on the area of the body that is affected. Linking to a non-federal website does not constitute an endorsement by CDC or any of its employees of the sponsors or the information and products presented on the website. Gonorrhoea 9. Some examples of viral infections include: influenza ( the flu) common cold. A nonillion is a … ", Cochrane Summaries: "The Use of Probiotics to Prevent C. Difficile Diarrhea Associated with Antibiotic Use. Bacteria can infect any area of the body, including the skin, bladder, lungs, intestines, brain, and more. Examples of bacteria that cause infections include Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, and E. coli. Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD) - PO Box 8126, Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126 - Toll-free: 1-888-205-2311 Septic Shock(*) - Most are due to bacterial infections. Cystitis. Although, there are large number of antibiotics that can be used to treat Anthrax disease but its major requirement is quick action for treatment. Bacteria are the most common causes of UTIs, especially in the urethra and bladder. ", Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: "Threat Report 2013. Most human infections in world today are either caused by viruses or bacteria. Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to navigation Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content. Diphtheria 3. 3. An infectious … The bacteria come from soil, manure or dusts that enter through an open wound. Most common sites of infection leading to sepsis are lungs, abdomen, and urinary tract (ex. Unknown Source 1 – E. coli Infections Announced October 2020 Unknown Source 2 – E. coli Infections Announced October 2020 Deli Meats – Listeria Infections Announced October 2020 Pet Bearded Dragons – Salmonella Infections Announced October 2020 Wood Ear Mushrooms – Salmonella Infections Announced September 2020 Pet Hedgehogs – Salmonella Infections Announced … Some of bacterial infections are extremely dangerous and can be lethal. Antibiotics don't treat viruses, but they're sometimes prescribed in viral illnesses to help prevent a "secondary bacterial infection." A bacterial infection can also spread throughout the blood, causing a condition described as sepsis. 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